Effect of Smoking during Pregnancy

March 4, 2013 by  
Filed under Health Tips

We all are aware of the health problems that can be caused by the habit of smoking. Your heart gets affected, lungs are affected and eventually every organ faces danger. There are extra potential problems for women who are pregnant. In the case of pregnant women, it is more likely that the problems get compounded and in the process, her unborn baby gets affected the most. Studies show that women who smoke during pregnancy on a continuous basis make the unborn child susceptible to numerous health complications. The same study also proved that there is a strong link between a pregnant woman smoking and her unborn child developing oral and facial abnormalities. In simple terms, smoking can disturb the healthy development of an embryo.

Impact of smoking on the embryo

There is a high chance your child will be born with a low birth weight, if you are unable to refrain from smoking while being pregnant. Babies with a low birth weight are significantly smaller than those born with normal birth weight. Low birth weight may also signify that the child may be of poor health and can develop a disability which may be permanent. Your child also faces an increased risk of developing heart disease and cancer which you might be suffering from as a smoker. This dangerous habit also increases the risk of giving birth to a stillborn baby.

Smoking while being pregnant might also result in premature birth along with other complications associated with pregnancy like sudden infant death syndrome or SIDS. Despite having full knowledge of how smoking might affect pregnancy in a poor manner, there are women who ignore the warnings and thus face troubles during the whole tenure of pregnancy.

What are the risks associated with smoking while pregnant?

The risk of developing placenta previa, a condition where placenta grows near the uterus opening, is doubled in a pregnant woman who smokes. Placental abruption is also more likely to happen in a pregnant smoker than the woman who does not smoke. This condition occurs when the placenta separates itself from the uterine wall prematurely which may in turn lead to premature delivery, stillbirth and/or infant death in early stages. Research shows that developing placental abruption in pregnant smoking women is about thrice more than pregnant non smoking women.

Smoking during pregnancy may also cause ectopic pregnancy and PPROM among other conditions. PPROM means preterm premature rupture of the membrane. Keeping all these complications and many more associated with this condition in mind, women who are pregnant should be advised not to smoke during the whole tenure of pregnancy. These complications eventually bring in unavoidable health risks to your unborn child.

Relationship between birth complications and pregnant smoking women

It is necessary to understand why smoking while being pregnant is dangerous. This might help women decide by themselves why they should not smoke while being pregnant. The addictive substance and the main constituent of cigarettes, nicotine, along with poisonous gases like carbon monoxide, is inhaled when you smoke and passed into your bloodstream which eventually passes onto the embryo via the placenta. Nicotine is the ingredient which is toxic and also makes a person adhere to cigarettes.

Nicotine, when inhaled, makes less oxygen available to both the mother and her unborn child. This in turn demands heavy pumping of blood since it is blood which carries oxygen throughout your body. If your heart muscles are exercised more than what is normal, it becomes a problem for your unborn baby. Your unborn baby may develop respiratory or/and lung diseases.

Does passive smoking also affect an embryo?

First hand smoking or direct smoking has been proven to affect an unborn child if a pregnant woman smokes. Now studies show that even second hand smoking or passive smoking can also affect the unborn child. In fact, passive smoking aggravates the severity of complications brought over by smoking to an unborn child as well as for an expectant mother. This is because passive smoking releases a deadly combination of smoke of burning cigarette and the smoke exhaled by the smoker. The fact remains that the smoke discharged when the end of a cigarette gets burnt has more hazardous substances like tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, among others than the smoke which is inhaled by the smoker directly. This proves passive smoking has worse implications on an unborn child and the expectant mother than direct smoking.

The child of a mother who smoked while pregnant has an increased risk of developing lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema, allergies, asthma, and other health problems. Even the woman who carries a baby is prone to getting all these conditions; in fact her risk increases during this situation. Children who are exposed to second hand smoke also remain susceptible to reduced lung capacity and have a higher risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

A note about third hand smoking and other factors

A new study has revealed that even third hand smoking can cause difficulties for the unborn child and the mother. Third hand smoke contains toxic gases and particles which are left behind from cigarette or cigar smoking. The other remains of third hand smoke include lead, arsenic and carbon monoxide. These leftovers cling onto items like clothes, hair, couches and carpets even when the room gets cleaned. So when a baby or a toddler inhales these toxins, devastating health problems like asthma and other breathing issues, learning disorders and cancer may be developed over a period of time. Hence it is important for an expectant mother to keep herself and her baby away from these places.

It is important that proper education and counselling is given by a doctor, asking a pregnant woman to refrain from smoking in order to save and protect herself and her baby from unnecessary health complications.

Tags: poor health, Chrissie Swan, Ectopic pregnancy, Preterm birth, placenta previa

Losing Weight Without Diets

February 28, 2012 by  
Filed under Health Tips

If you really go and think about it, to lose weight is quite simple. All that is really required is for you to be able to burn more calories than you consume. This is very possible by simply exercising more. When your body realizes that it cannot get the required energy from the food you consume, automatically it is going to start burning the layers of fat in your body so as to counter for the lack of energy.

However, although this might seem like a very simple process to accomplish, it is quite difficult for many men and women as they would find it easier to escape from quicksand than to lose weight. But all that is actually required is a little hard work, some concentration and dedication. The most important thing to bear in mind is that to be able to effectively lose weight, it is important that your body can burn more calories that it can consume.

As part of the basic metabolic rate of the body which includes breathing, the body is constantly burning calories. But the fact that we are constantly sitting or in some sort of stationary position in whatever we do, results in us only losing weight through such a metabolic process of the body. In order to burn more calories, a variety of actives have to be incorporated that can increase the rate of heart beat such as jogging, running or walking.

The consumption of calories and the amount of calories burnt can work in two ways. If you are unable to get the required amount of exercise that is needed to burn sufficient quantities of calories, then you should be able to effectively reduce the intaken quantity of calories. The more the time spent on exercising, the less the amount of time you will have to spend on calorie-watching.

Another very important point to remember is that irrespective of whether you are exercising or not, it is vital that you watch your diet as it is evidently a great contributor to losing weight. Remember that if you really want to lose weight at all cost, then you have to have great amounts of will-power so as to not succumb to any types of temptations when at a party or out with friends. This does not mean that you should starve, instead you should have a well balanced and nutritious meal at all times.

One type of scenario that has proved to have tremendous success is to have between 5-6 small meals day instead of the regular three. Also make sure that all your meals contain a mixture of fats, minerals, vitamins, proteins, and carbohydrates so that you can provide all the necessary energy that your body needs to stay fit.

Finally, apart from the diet comes the exercise. If is vital that you incorporate some sort of exercise in your daily regime. Either you could visit a gym three times a week, or go for short walks in the evening or even go swimming. It does not matter what exercise you do, but how many repetitions you can do in a particular period of time. Over time, try to increase the number of repetitions that you do in a particular time frame.

Tags: weight loss, amount of calories, position, diets, lose weight

Nutrition, Vitamin and Diet Supplements – Do They Work?

February 28, 2012 by  
Filed under Health Tips

If you look around, you will be able to find many people who are facing different types of health issues. Most of them have bad health conditions, which lead them to chaotic situations.

Most of the studies and researches performed on this case have been proved that unhealthy eating habits is the main reasons for this situation. Therefore, it is quite imperative to eat healthy foods. As most of the individuals are being engaged with their work and commitments, they are not finding enough time to cook and eat good and health foods. If you are one amongst them, there are few things, which you have to consider for maintaining a strong and health body.

Health Supplements

Natural health supplements are earning a lot of popularity in the market today. However, it could be found in different sources. With the help of natural supplements, you can obtain many benefits.

These supplements will help the function of the digestive enzymes, fats and oils, thyroid, hormones, digestive problems, allergies, anti-aging, enzyme nutrition, herbal remedies, natural health supplements and more. Garlic is also a natural health supplement, which has been used worldwide to treat toothaches, coughs, earaches, poor circulation as well as fungal infections.

Therefore, if you are planning to buy natural health supplements, ensure your product should include the daily vitamin, nutritional and mineral supplements. Learn all you can before you buy natural health supplements and natural tonics for health and every day welfare plans.

?Vitamin Supplements

Vitamins such as C, D, E as well as B complex family and the enzymes like essential fatty acids and CoQ 10 are found in fish oil as well as in certain vegetable oils, which also have the proven antioxidant properties.

Most of us are already aware that the wide variety of vitamins and natural supplements available. If your child has allergies, then there is a good chance of not receiving the necessary level of minerals and vitamins they need. Daily vitamins, which are largely found in herbs, are just one example of natural health products, which are available in the modern era.

Diet Supplements

Are you exercising, reducing calories and eating healthier and still cannot cut down your extra flab? Get your weight under control with safe weight loss and diettry supplements.

I am convinced that natural health supplements along with proper diet and weight control can help you to fight against the common diseases and to maintain optimal health and longevity. A natural nutritional supplement is the best way to strengthen your body and prepare it for losing the extra weight.

?Nutritional Supplements

Nutritional supplements can provide essential elements that our bodies need to thrive and to achieve optimal health. There are manufacturers that provide advanced products in a comprehensive nutritional supplement with high quality.

Natural health supplements and advances in nutrition and modern medicine have certainly done their part to contribute to the general welfare of a modern man. However, if you are planning to consume any type of nutritional supplements, it is quite imperative to take the assistance of a dietician or doctor.


Tags: dietry, supplements, Health, Nutrition, diet supplements, lose weight

Hair Loss Treatments

December 24, 2011 by  
Filed under Health Tips

No woman would want to be bald. But yet there are many women that might suffer from some sort of hereditary hair loss predisposition while others might suffer from hair loss because of the lifestyle they lead.

Irrespective of the fact as to how it is caused, no woman wants to lose her beautiful hair. There are many reasons for hair fall. The first step toward stopping the balding process is to acknowledge your contribution toward it.

Some Great Treatments For Hair Loss

Listed below are some of the best treatments for hair loss on the net, browse the hair loss products with the best feedback and decide what could be the best to regrow your hair.

Shop for hair loss treatments at Amazon now!

Stress Causing Hair Loss

One of the major factors that contributes to hair loss is stress. The greater the amount of stress, the more will be the amount of DHT caused resulting in androgenetic alopecia. Although this can be only be combated with clinically proven tests, stress can also result in a non-genetic condition called telogen effluvium.

This condition can result in the sudden loss of hair from the head of an individual.

There have been many individuals who have already gone bald due to the stress that they suffer on account of their jobs and other family pressures. But there is hope for those that suffer from some sort of stress induced hair loss. A simple modification to the various stressful factors can result in them being more stress free and having more ???self-time???. Exercises and other forms of yoga can be used as a means of alleviating the amount of stress as they can relax the body.

Losing Hair By Smoking

One of the most common causes of hair thinning and hair loss is the amount of smoke that one inhales caused by cigarettes. Such chemicals, carcinogens and other toxins that are present in tobacco can bring about the slow weakening of the hair structure resulting in breakage and falling.

Smoking is also the fastest manner in which one can start losing hair at an early age. The proteins that are present in the hair molecules start to get affected by the smoke from cigarettes and so it is important that you take the necessary steps to change your habits or else, you will lose hair much faster than others. By quitting smoking, not only will you start to see improvements in your hair, but you will also so notice that your nails as well as skin are more lustrous and supple.

Bad Diet Causing Hair Loss

Whether you believe it or not, your diet also plays a very important part in the well-being of your hair. The type of diet that you have can directly and indirectly lead to the thinning of hair. If your diet has a deficiency of iron, it can result in hair loss which is also the case with any diet that is very rich in sugar. Try to modify your diet so that you can obtain a more balanced diet. However, if you still do not manage to avert your hair falling, you will have to consult a specialist.
While many people believe that hair loss is not something they can control, by altering their habits and lifestyles, it becomes possible to delay the onset of hair loss.

Hair Loss Treatments

There are many hair loss treatments on the market at the moment. They range from pills to creams with varying success reports. If you plan to use any of the hair loss treatments that you find it is a good idea to read reviews and also speak to an expert in the field of treatment for hair loss.

One of the best places to shop for these treatments would be Amazon

Tags: treatments for hair loss, hair loss treatments, hair loss, best product for hair loss, hair loss products

Are You Using Dangerous Cosmetics?

September 17, 2011 by  
Filed under Education

Most women put on their make up without a second thought as part of their daily routines. Many would be shocked to know what is actually in some of the most popular cosmetics now found within the marketplace. There is now extensive quantified, as well as anecdotal, research which has identified harmful effects associated with ingredients found in all categories of cosmetics.

There are many natural organic cosmetics that have come onto the market in recent years and these are a great way of doing no harm to your skin. However, finding natural skin care products is difficult, especially considering the amount of money that the major cosmetic brands put into marketing! Don’t worry though, there is a risk free guide that only uses natural products and can save you a fortune on those upmarket, over-ratred brands. Check out the information here on low cost natural skin care.

Let’s start here by looking at the common cosmetics that women use everyday and the potential dangers that they may cause.

Lipstick is a standard component of almost every woman’s make-up routine. Most women select their lipstick brand oblivious to the fact that many lipsticks are among the most toxic cosmetics in existence. Within many lipsticks are indelible dyes, perfume oils and other coloring agents. Some ingredients used by popular brands have been tied to adverse effects ranging from chapped lips to cancer. Most disconcerting is that some of these substances can trigger complications and possible birth defects when used by expecting mothers. Of all the cosmetics you use, it is most important to scrutinize what goes into your lipstick.

Foundations are another area of concern. Many foundations which come in liquid form contain mineral oil which is actually classified as a petrochemical pollutant by the US Government. Many experts believe that when used with such frequency in such close proximity to the skin it can prove to be a carcinogenic agent. Other foundations trigger additional undesired effects which include preventing the skin from breathing naturally and detoxifying. Choosing the wrong foundation can lead to premature skin aging, hormonal imbalances and potentially far more serious conditions and diseases.

Many women use anti-wrinkle cream in an attempt to turn back the clock on aging. Unfortunately, many of these alleged anti-wrinkle “miracle” products are ineffective, if not dangerous. The elastin and collagen found in most anti-wrinkle creams has been proven not to have any lasting impact upon wrinkles, and many women are horrified to learn which animal by-products go into producing them. Even worse, lanolin is found in many anti-wrinkle creams, and laboratory testing has shown that it contains dioxins and pesticides. Obviously, most women upon learning this decide that it is probably best not to rub pesticides on one’s face.

Nail polish is another commonly used cosmetic which can present for hidden dangers. Many popular nail polishes contain toluene, phenol and xylene. Continued exposure to these chemicals has been shown to result in fatigue, headaches and nausea. There is also research which indicates that these chemicals are possibly carcinogenic. Nail polish also contains formaldehyde which has been shown to cause discoloration of nails as well as subcutaneous bleeding under the nail itself. Additionally, most women use acetone when removing nail polish. Acetone can cause rashes, and it can also lead to adverse respiratory effects when inhaled.

Health conscious women have shunned these harmful ingredients in favor of naturally crafted cosmetics. It is not necessary to sacrifice quality or look when it comes to finding cosmetics without these hidden dangers. Many quality brands, like Elf Cosmetics, ensure that their products allow you to look your best without subjecting your skin to harsh chemicals. Do yourself a favor and check out the ingredient list on the cosmetics you use. You might be shocked at what you see.

If you would like to find out more information about organic skin care products then we suggest this no-risk guide. It can help you save money on these highly marketed brands and you also know exactly what you are using!

Tags: oil, clock, attempt, Acetone, expecting mothers

Are You Lacking in Vitamins?

February 25, 2011 by  
Filed under General

Vitamins are a crucial component of our diet and are required in order to sustain life. Vitamin deficiencies within your food intake can lead to a variety of illnesses and other adverse physical effects. Many believe that their symptoms are due to an underlying illness as opposed to being caused by a diet lacking in vitamins. Learning to spot the signs of a vitamin deficiency is the critical first step towards ascertaining whether your diet is lacking in vitamins.

Vitamin B is one of the most important vitamins required in order for our bodies to properly function. Physical manifestations of a Vitamin B complex deficiency can include tingling of the hands and feet, heart palpitations, rashes, body soreness and indigestion. There can be many causes of these symptoms which often proves to divert attention from the true culprit should it be due to the lack of Vitamin B within your diet.

Lack of Vitamin B has also been linked to various mental symptoms. These can include paranoia, phobias, crying spells and other irrational or uncharacteristic behaviors. Symptoms which are both mental and physical like fatigue, restlessness and insomnia have also been associated with a diet lacking in Vitamin B. Folic Acid is within the Vitamin B complex and a diet deficient in it can cause anemia, heart disease and even cancer.

Vitamin A is necessary for good night vision. Those who experience poor night vision often discover it has more to do with their diet as opposed to their eyes. Vitamin A deficiency is a prime cause of the loss of effective night vision. The most severe cases of Vitamin A deficiency can cause complete blindness, however, this is rarely seen in the developed world.

Vitamin C is also a well known requirement of a nutritious diet. Signs that your diet lacks sufficient Vitamin C can include sore muscles and slowly healing wounds. Feelings of fatigue and weakness are also associated with a Vitamin C deficiency. In the most severe case, a diet lacking in Vitamin C can lead to serious afflictions most notably being Scurvy.

A diet lacking in Vitamin E can trigger serious health consequences. Research has shown Vitamin E is critical for the vitality of red blood cells. Lack of Vitamin E can also prevent the efficient functioning of the body’s immune system. This in turn can lead to a higher susceptibility to communicable diseases and viruses such as the H1N1 flu.

Vitamin D is similarly important in order to maintain good health. Signs that your diet might be lacking in Vitamin D include osteoporosis and inflammation. Sufficient Vitamin D intake becomes even more important to those who have a higher risk for osteoporosis and brittle bones. Females over 50 fall squarely into this group.

Today’s hectic lifestyle leads many to eat foods which lack sufficient vitamins. Supplements can often help to fill the void preventing a deficiency and the corresponding symptoms as described above. Herbal supplements have also been shown to facilitate the body’s absorption of vitamins thus helping prevent deficiencies. Take the necessary steps to ensure you give your body the vitamins it needs to perform at its peak.

Tags: Vitamin E, hectic lifestyle, attention, night vision, prime cause

The Benefits of Using Skin Moisturizers

April 15, 2010 by  
Filed under Education

Many are surprised to learn that the skin as actually an organ, and it is furthermore the largest organ in our body. It is well understood that steps need to be taken in order to ensure the health of other vital organs such as the heart, however, most tend to take their skin for granted. Read more

Tags: oil based skin moisturizers, Biology, Corneotherapy, Sun tanning, Moisturizer, Anatomy, Skin

The Dangers of Being Overweight

April 8, 2010 by  
Filed under Education

Obesity and being overweight are now approaching epidemic proportions in much of the developing world. Some researchers point to the modern diet whereas others blame technology for diverting time away from physical exercise. This is especially salient in the current generation of children. No matter what the actual cause, being overweight entails significant risks and dangers.

One is considered to be overweight if they weigh more than their ideal body weight for their height and frame. Obesity is defined as being more than 20% over the ideal recommended body weight. It is well understood that obesity can lead to a plethora of adverse health effects, however, recent studies have shown that some of these risks are also applicable to people who are overweight but fall short of the official definition of being obese.

Being overweight is caused by a mixture of genes and behavior. Obviously, overeating is a prime cause of being overweight. If one does not burn as many calories as they consume, then the inevitable result is weight gain. Some people inherit a slow metabolism which triggers weight gain no matter how hard they try to keep the pounds off. Some medical conditions, including those related to the thyroid gland, also tend to cause weight gain. Proper diet and regular exercise become even more imperative for those who have this type of weight gain predisposition.

Obese People

Obese People

One of the most common maladies associated with being overweight is type two diabetes. Obesity is actually the leading cause of this disease which can lead to amputations and even death. Studies have shown that being overweight, even if not obese, increases the odds of being diagnosed with type two diabetes. High blood pressure is another condition tied to being overweight. Having can lead to and strokes. Overweight people have also been shown to suffer a higher incidence of . These conditions obviously are quite serious and steps should be taken to avoid them.

Being overweight also entails disadvantages within both your professional and personal life. Studies have shown that overweight employees are less likely to get hired and have less chances of getting promoted during the course of their careers. Many companies are loathe to employ overweight people in the sales arena along with other positions which represent the face of the company. It might seem unfair, but society often does judge a book by its cover.

Obviously, members of the opposite sex tend to be turned off by an overweight appearance. Most people who lose significant weight notice an immediate and marked difference when it comes to romance. Additionally, many overweight people lose out on many of life’s enjoyments, such as a day at the beach, because they are insecure about their appearance.

Being overweight entails many dangers and inconveniences. It is never too late to vow to lose weight, and there are many cutting edge products and techniques which can assist you in this often difficult endeavor. Take the first step today by exploring what is out there to help you achieve better health by losing weight.

Tags: heart attack, obese, overweight, cancer, Obesity, Diabetes, high blood pressure, fat, strokes

Heart Disease in Women

December 13, 2009 by  
Filed under Education

Heart disease is the No. 1 cause of death of American women.?? is No. 3. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) affects a woman???s heart and blood vessels.?? One out of every 10 women between the ages of 45 and 64 has some form of CVD.?? Once a woman reaches 65, this increases to 1 out of every 4.?? Every year about 500,000 women have a and about 370,000 of them die.?? And, almost 100,000 women die each year of stroke.

What are the Cardiovascular Diseases of the Heart?

The most common CVDs are:

  • Coronary heart disease is when plaque builds up and blocks or slows down the blood flow through the vessels in the heart. Some symptoms are:
  • Angina ??? chest pain caused when the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart is blocked for a short time
  • Heart attack – when areas of the heart die because the flow of blood and oxygen is blocked off for a longer time
  • Heart failure – when the heart can not pump enough blood out of the heart as it should and the body does not get enough blood and oxygen
  • High blood pressure – when the pressure inside the walls of blood vessels is higher than normal
  • Stroke – when a blood vessel that takes blood and oxygen to the brain gets blocked or bursts and a area of the brain (and the area of the body the body it controls) can???t work as it should

What are factors put you a risk for CVD?

Risk factors are things that increase your chances of getting a disease.?? Some risk factors you cannot control.?? But, some you can control and even change.?? Some women???s risk are higher than others.

The main risk factors for CVD that you can???t control are age and a family history of CVD.?? The factors you can control or change are:

  • Being overweight
  • Having diabetes
  • Having high blood cholesterol
  • Not being physically active
  • Smoking

What Can you do?

If you have at least 1 risk factor for CVD you should learn how to control it or prevent. By taking active role in your health care, you can make a difference.?? Tell your doctor or nurse what???s going on with your health.?? Ask questions or talk with about concerns you have.?? Ask if there are any medical tests you should take to see if you already have CVD.

Learn which lifestyle changes can help lower your risks.?? Making changes in your habits is the first step in preventing or controlling CVD.?? Making these changes is very important if you are African-American or over the age of 55.

Do you have any of these risk factors and habits you can control or change?

  • Don???t smoke, or quit if you do.
  • Get up and get active.
  • If overweight, work on losing weight.
  • If you have diabetes, keep your blood glucose levels in your target range.
  • Reduce your blood cholesterol levels.
  • If you take medicine for blood pressure or pre-diabetes, take it exactly as you should.

The Good News!

Changing your habits isn???t easy – but it works.?? It can lower your risks for CVD.?? If you already have CVD, it can help your heart and blood vessels get healthier.?? Here???s how:

  • Once you stop smoking, within a few years your risks for heart disease will be the same as that of a non-smoker.
  • Getting more exercise can help you lose weight, prevent and control , increase your good cholesterol levels and can even help prevent and control diabetes.
  • By eating less fat and cholesterol, more fruits and vegetables and watching how much salt you use, you can help reduce high blood pressure and bad cholesterol and take off extra pounds.
  • If you take off extra weight it can lower your risk for CVD, help prevent or control diabetes (if you have it) and lower your blood pressure and cholesterol.

It???s up to you. By making some effort the heart you save may be your own.

Tags: Stroke, Cardiology, heart failure, heart disease, high blood pressure, Cardiovascular diseases, heart attack

Controlling Pain Before and After Surgery

December 13, 2009 by  
Filed under Education

1. Ask the doctor or nurse what to expect.

  • Will there be much pain after surgery?
  • Where will it occur?
  • How long is it likely to last?

Being prepared helps put you in control. You may want to write down your questions before you meet with your doctor or nurse.

2. Discuss the pain control options with your doctors and nurses. Be sure to:

  • Talk with your nurses and doctors about pain control methods that have worked well or not so well for you before.
  • Talk with your nurses and doctors about any concerns you may have about pain medicine.
  • Tell your doctors and nurses about any allergies to medicines you may have.
  • Ask about side effects that may occur with treatment.
  • Talk with your doctors and nurses about, the medicines you take for other health problems. The doctors and nurses need to know, because mixing some drugs with some pain medicines can cause problems.

3. Talk about the schedule for pain medicines in the hospital. Some people get pain medicines in the hospital only when they call the nurse to ask for them. Sometimes there are delays, and the pain gets worse while they wait. Today, two other ways to schedule pain medicines seem to give better results.

  • Giving the pain pills or shots at set times. Instead of waiting until pain breaks through, you receive medicine at set times during the day to keep the pain under control.
  • Patient controlled analgesia (PCA) may be available in your hospital. With PCA, you control when you get pain medicine. When you begin to feel pain, you press a button to inject the medicine through the intravenous (IV) tube in your vein.

For both ways, your nurses and doctors will ask you how the pain medicine is working and change the medicine, its dose, or its timing if you are still having pain.

4. Work with your doctors and nurses to make a pain control plan. You can use a form to begin planning for pain control with your nurses and doctors. They need your help to design the best plan for you. When your pain control plan is complete, use the form to write down what will happen. Refer to it after your operation. Then keep it as a record if you need surgery in the future.

After surgery
5. Take (or ask for) pain relief drugs when pain first begins.

  • Take action as soon as the pain starts.
  • If you know your pain will worsen when you start walking or doing breathing exercises, take pain medicine first. It’s harder to ease pain once it has taken hold. This is a key step in proper pain control.

6. Help the doctors and nurses “measure” your pain.

  • They may ask you to use a “pain scale”.
  • They may ask you to rate your pain on a scale of 0 to 10. Or you may choose a word from a list that best describes the pain.
  • You may also set a pain control goal (such as having no pain that’s worse than 2 on the scale).
  • Reporting your pain as a number helps the doctors and nurses know how well your treatment is working and whether to make any changes.

7. Tell the doctor or nurse about any pain that won’t go away.

  • Don’t worry about being a “bother.”
  • Pain can be a sign of problems with your operation.
  • The nurses and doctors want and need to know about it.

Stick with your pain control plan if it’s working. Your doctors and nurses can change the plan if your pain is not under control. You need to tell the nurses and doctors about your pain and how the pain control plan is working.

Tags: Nociception, Patient safety and nursing, Nursing, Pain, Sensory system

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