How Cataracts are Treated

December 8, 2009 by  
Filed under Education

A change in your glasses, stronger bifocals, or the use of magnifying lenses may help improve your vision and be treatment enough. The way to surgically treat a cataract is to remove all or part of the lens and replace it with an artificial lens.

Just because you have a cataract does not mean it must be removed immediately. Cataract surgery can almost always be put off until you are unhappy with the way you see.

Your eye doctor will tell you whether you are one of a small number of people who must have surgery. For example, your doctor may need to see or treat an eye problem that is behind the cataract. Or surgery may be required because a cataract is so large that it could cause blindness.

Tags: Lens, cataract treatment, vision, United States, cataracts


December 1, 2009 by  
Filed under Education

This brochure has information is about colonoscopy.

Tags: Colonoscopy, Gastroenterology, United States, brochure, cancer

Getting Relief From Lower Back Pain

August 20, 2009 by  
Filed under Education

Your health care provider will help you get relief from your pain, discomfort, or other symptoms. A number of medicines and other treatments help with low back symptoms. The good news is that most people start feeling better soon.

Proven treatments
Medicine often helps relieve low back symptoms. The type of medicine that your health care provider recommends depends on your symptoms and how uncomfortable you are.

  • If your symptoms are mild to moderate, you may get the relief you need from an over-the-counter (nonprescription) medicine such as acetaminophen, aspirin, or ibuprofen. These medicines usually have fewer side effects than prescription medicines and are less expensive.
  • If your symptoms are severe, your health care provider may recommend a prescription medicine.

For most people, medicine works well to control pain and discomfort. But any medicine can have side effects. For example, some people cannot take aspirin or ibuprofen because it can cause stomach irritation and even ulcers. Many medicines prescribed for can make people feel drowsy. These medicines should not be taken if you need to drive or use heavy equipment. Talk to your health care provider about the benefits and risks of any medicine recommended. If you develop side effects (such as nausea, vomiting, rash, dizziness), stop taking the medicine, and tell your health care provider right away.

Your health care provider may recommend one or more of the following to be used alone or along with medicine to help relieve your symptoms

  • Heat or cold applied to the back. Within the first 48 hours after your back symptoms start, you may want to apply a cold pack (or a bag of ice) to the painful area for 5 to 10 minutes at a time. If your symptoms last longer than 48 hours, you may find that a heating pad or hot shower or bath helps relieve your symptoms.
  • Spinal manipulation. This treatment (using the hands to apply force to the back to adjust the spine) can be helpful for some people in the first month of low back symptoms. It should only be done by a professional with experience in manipulation. You should go back to your health care provider if your symptoms have not responded to spinal manipulation within 4 weeks.

Keep in mind that everyone is different. You will have to find what works best to relieve your own back symptoms.

Other treatments
A number of other treatments are sometimes used for low back symptoms. While these treatments may give relief for a short time, none have been found to speed recovery or keep acute back problems from returning. They may also be expensive. Such treatments include:

  • Traction
  • TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation)
  • Massage
  • Biofeedback
  • Acupuncture
  • Injections into the back
  • Back corsets
  • Ultrasound

Lower Back Pain Resources

This information was based on the Clinical Practice Guideline, Acute Low Back Problems in Adults. The Guideline was developed by a non-Federal panel of experts sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. Other guidelines on common health problems are available, and more are being developed.

For more information about guidelines or to receive a free copy of Understanding Acute Low Back Problems, call toll-free 800-358- 9295, or write to:

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research
Publications Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 8547
Silver Spring, MD 20907

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Public Health Service
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research
Executive Office Center, Suite 501
2101 East Jefferson Street
Rockville, MD 20852

Tags: back pain relief, pain discomfort, low back pain, United States, Biofeedback

Is my Body Mass Index (BMI) Too High?

August 19, 2009 by  
Filed under Education

In order to find out if you are overweight, you need to calculate your body mass index. In general, you are considered overweight if your BMI is between 25-29; if your BMI is higher than 29 you are considered obese.

Health Risks

Here are some of the health problems you are at risk of developing:

  • high cholesterol – which effects your blood vessels
  • coronary heart disease
  • high blood pressure – which can lead to heart attack and stroke
  • stroke
  • type II diabetes
  • gallbladder problems
  • certain types of cancer???studies show that breast cancer is linked to being overweight
  • problems with breathing
  • problems sleeping
  • osteoarthritis???wear and tear on the bones and joints from carrying too much weight

Keep in mind that BMI is just a guide. If you are athletic, you have more muscle than the average person. Since muscle weighs more than fat, your BMI will be higher than most people of your same height and may not mean that you are overweight.

Tags: body mass index, body mass calculator, certain types of cancer, bmi, United States

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